Common Injuries In Tennis


STARNBERG, July 6, 2020 (Guest post)

Tennis is a very popular and less dangerous sport with less than one injury per 1,000 hours of play. Nevertheless, the sudden sprints and quick changes of direction on hard courts or slippery grass or ash courts mean hard work for muscles, ligaments, and joints. If you put it on without a warm-up phase, with the wrong through technique, too heavy clubs, too thick handles, or extremely hard covering, you risk painful and sometimes serious injuries.

Chronic illnesses caused by tennis mostly develop in the shoulder, elbow (tennis elbow) or the spine, acute injuries mostly affect the knee and ankle. Many of the symptoms can be managed through consistent, conservative treatment. Let’s take a look at the typical injuries:

Shoulder Pain

The main cause of shoulder complaints is muscular imbalances as a result of one-sided stress. Quite often in children and adolescent tennis players, if left untreated, they can even lead to scoliosis.

The repeated extreme external rotation and spreading in the shoulder and the resulting pressure and shear loads can lead to partial tendon joint tears of the rotator cuff. Sometimes, the deliberate overstretching of the front joint capsule can result in damage. Capsule and ligament structures that serve to stabilize are overused; the shoulder becomes unstable.

The Tennis Elbow

The so-called tennis arm is number one among injuries in tennis. Although it got its name from this ball sport, it is not only observed among fans of the white sport, PC users also know it, but as a ‘mouse arm’.

If the orthopedic surgeon can treat the tennis elbow in the early stages, relief and conservative therapies such as physiotherapy, physical measures, infiltration, or shock wave therapy (ESTW) can often be used to relieve symptoms. Surgery is sometimes necessary for later stages.

Hand, Wrist, and Tendonitis

As delicate as our hands are built, they are so vulnerable. The wrong backhand or forehand technique promotes damage to the tendons and tendon sheaths.

These are first treated conservatively anti-inflammatory. Besides, the orthopedic surgeon will strongly recommend changing the framework conditions for the tennis example: grip, covering, grip position, and striking technique should be optimized. Bandages that limit the maximum deflection of the movements help. Hand surgery helps if bottleneck syndromes and tendon damage cannot be managed conservatively.

Back Pain

Usually, the strong range of motion of the trunk is responsible for spinal problems caused by tennis. Due to the high accelerations, especially when serving, muscular injuries can occur.

Since the body is moved very asymmetrically during tennis, muscular imbalances are favored and can lead to degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs and small vertebral joints. Calming infiltrations in acute pain and physiotherapy makes sense to strengthen the weak muscles. Spinal surgery should be used in an individual case. In normal chronic pain, CBD vape can be helpful as stated by many kinds of research. You can buy them online just like you can get e-liquids like vape pink. But consult your doctor before using CBD for chronic pain.

Lower Extremity: Injuries to The Leg or Knee

In tennis, the lower extremity is particularly stressed by sudden sprints, braking, or turning movements. The leg is therefore due to acute injuries, for instance, muscle fiber tears and strains in the rear thigh muscles or calf muscles, at risk. Furthermore, meniscus damage, cartilage damage, or tendon damage are caused in the knee joint.

The orthopedist uses a wide range of conservative therapeutic measures for treatment. In the event of resistance to therapy and depending on the type of injury, surgical measures must also be taken.